Developing Your Rubrics

Rubrics are an essential part of assessing direct evidence where the answer is not simply right or wrong. When developed and used properly, rubrics provide a way to measure the degree to which students demonstrated the knowledge or skill described in a program learning outcome (PLO). You may use existing rubrics as is (see examples below), modify them to suit your needs, or develop your own. It is important to train anyone assessing direct evidence on how to use the rubric, so that scores do not depend on the rater.

The links below lead to further information on rubrics and helpful tips on how to develop and use them. For support in developing and using rubrics for your program's specific assessment needs, please contact the A-Team.

VALUE Rubrics

The Association of American Colleges and Universities hosts this resource page for its VALUE (Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education) assessment resources.  VALUE stresses authentic assessment of student work rather than standardized testing, with rubrics for general areas such as creative thinking and oral communication. Fifteen rubrics were developed by a team of more than 100 faculty members and academic professionals from all types of higher education institutions across the country. They demonstrate shared expectations and criteria for accomplishment on a broad range of learning outcomes. The VALUE rubrics are generic, institutional-level rubrics that may be adapted for the local context and written to reflect discipline-specific learning outcomes, cultures, and practices.


The Western Association for Schools and Colleges, the regional accrediting agency for UCSB, has created rubrics for evaluating the quality and effectiveness of an institution's program level assessment.

Rubric Tools and Examples